Heavy diesel-powered vehicles (lorries and buses) weighing more than 3.5 tonnes must be fitted with a particulate filter to enter a low emission zone. A bus includes more than nine seats including the driver. A diesel-powered camper van weighing more than 3.5 tonnes with more than nine seats, including the driver, is classed as a bus and is therefore included.
The regulations for driving a lorry and bus in low emission zones are divided into two phases:
For diesel powered heavy vehicles (buses and lorries) weighing more than 3.5 tonnes, the following phased-in regulations for driving in low emission zones apply:
- Phase 1: From 1 July 2020
Buses and lorries must be registered on or later than 1 October 2009 to drive within low emission zones.
Euro 5 and EEV
Euro 5 and EEV heavy vehicles are exempt from phase 1 and can drive in the low emission zones until 31 December 2021. Remember that foreign vehicles which do not meet the requirements must still register to comply with the rules before entering a Danish low emission zone. You can read more about how to register your vehicle here.
- Phase 2: From 1 January 2022
Buses and lorries must be registered on or later than 1 January 2015 to drive within low emission zones.
For Euro 6 heavy vehicles, the requirement for a particulate filter is considered to be met, and these vehicles may drive in the environmental zones.
If your vehicle is registered before the dates listed above, it must have a particulate filter mounted, and you must register your vehicle online before entering a Danish low emission zone. You can read more about how to register your vehicle here.
If you fail to register your foreign vehicle with particulate filter, along with the required documentation, you will be charged a penalty of DKK 1.000.
Exceptions for vehicular traffic in the low emission zones
The regulations in the low emission zones do not apply to:
- Vehicles registered in Denmark for veteran driving
- Vehicles registered abroad that are more than 30 years old
- Vehicles used by the armed forces, the police or other emergency services when an exceptional need arises to use the vehicle within a low emission zone. It is, however, a condition that the vehicle does not usually drive in the zone.
- Vehicles used by the armed forces, the police or other emergency services when such vehicles are used in connection with emergency preparedness exercises within a low emission zone.