Heavy diesel-powered vehicles (lorries and buses) weighing more than 3.5 tonnes must be fitted with a particulate filter to enter a low emission zone. A bus includes more than nine seats including the driver. A diesel-powered camper van weighing more than 3.5 tonnes with more than nine seats, including the driver, is classed as a bus and is therefore included.
The regulations for driving a lorry and bus in low emission zones are divided into two phases:
For diesel powered heavy vehicles (buses and lorries) weighing over 3.5 tonnes, the following phased-in regulations for driving in low emission zones apply:
- Phase 1: From 1 July 2020
Buses and lorries must be registered on or later than 1 October 2009 to drive within low emission zones. Euro 5 or EEV heavy vehicles are exempt from the date rule and can enter the low emission zones.
- Phase 2: From 1 January 2022
Buses and lorries must be registered on or later than 1 January 2015 to drive within low emission zones.
If a vehicle is registered before the dates listed above, it must have a particulate filter mounted.
Exceptions for vehicular traffic in the low emission zones
The regulations in the low emission zones do not apply to:
- Vehicles registered in Denmark for veteran driving
- Vehicles registered abroad that are more than 30 years old
- Vehicles used by the armed forces, the police or other emergency services when an exceptional need arises to use the vehicle within a low emission zone. It is, however, a condition that the vehicle does not usually drive in the zone.
- Vehicles used by the armed forces, the police or other emergency services when such vehicles are used in connection with emergency preparedness exercises within a low emission zone.